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2014年陜西在職考研聯考英語歷年真題試卷答案
時間:2016-06-28     來源:168網校  (全面資訊快報  頂級試聽體驗)    訪問點擊量:1337

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 Section I Use of English

  1. B concluded
  2. A protective
  3. C Likewise
  4. A indicator
  5. D concern
  6. A in terms of
  7. C equals
  8. C in turn
  9. D straightforward
  10. B while
  11. A shape
  12. B qualify
  13. C normal
  14. D tendency
  15. B pictured
  16. D associated
  17. A Even
  18. D grounded
  19. C policies
  Section II Reading Comprehension
  Part A
  Text 1
  21. B A special tour
  22. A critical
  23. D rarity generally increases pleasure
  24. B may prove to be a worthwhile purchase
  25. C obtain lasting satisfaction from money spent
  Text 2
  26. A our self-ratings are unrealistically high
  27. C intuitive response
  28. B believe in their attractiveness
  29. A instinctively
  30. D withhold their unflattering sides
  Test3 暫無
  31.
  32.
  33.
  34.
  35.
  Text 4
  36. B involves certain political factors
  37. C suffered government biases
  38. A allow greater government debt for housing
  39. C contribute to funding new developments
  40. D stop generous funding to the housing sector
  Part B
  41 . D represents the elegance of the British land art
  42 . E depicts the ordinary side of the British land art
  43 . G contains images from different parts of the same photograph
  44 . C reminds people of the English landscape painting tradition
  45 . A originates from a long walk that the artist took
  46. 翻譯參考:(逐句對照)
  Most people would define optimism as being endlessly happy, with a glass that's perpetually half full. 大多數人將樂觀定義為永遠快樂,總覺得杯子里的水還有一半。But that's exactly the kind of false cheerfulness that positive psychologists wouldn't recommend. 但積極心理學家并不提倡這種虛假的快樂。"Healthy optimism means being in touch with reality," says Tal Ben-Shahar, a Harvard professor."健康的樂觀是與現實聯系在一起的,"哈佛大學教授泰o本-沙哈說道。According to Ben-Shahar, realistic optimists are those who make the best of things that happen, but not those who believe everything happens for the best.根據他的觀點,現實的樂觀主義者是去積極實現事情的圓滿,而不是坐等事情會自己圓滿。
  Ben-Shahar uses three optimistic exercises. 本-沙哈提出了樂觀訓練的三個階段。When he feels down-say, after giving a bad lecture---he grants himself permission to be human.當他心情低落時--比如,一個糟糕的演講之后--他寬慰自己這是人之常情。He reminds himself that not every lecture can be a Nobel winner, some will be less effective than others. 他提醒自己不是每一次演講都要求諾貝爾標準,有些演講的效果會不如其他。Next is reconstruction. 下一個階段是重塑。He analyzes the weak lecture, learning lessons for the future about what works and what doesn't. 他會分析這次失敗的演講,哪些地方可取,哪些不可取,為將來的演講積累經驗。Finally, there is perspective, which involves acknowledging that in the grand scheme of life, one lecture really doesn't matter.最后一個階段是前瞻,我們要認識到在生命的宏偉藍圖中,一次演講根本算不上什么。
  Section IV Writing
  Part A
  47. 參考范文:
  Dear John,
  I'm glad to hear from you. How have you been these days? The purpose of this email is to tell you about my living habits.
  Firstly, I never drink or smoke. Neither do I stay up late. Instead, I keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o'clock at night, because I believe burning the midnight oil is harmful to health. Secondly, I'd like to keep my things clean. It is obvious that living in a messy environment results in a chaotic life.
  Finally, could you please offer me some proposals as regards living in your city? I'm sure that we can get along well with each other, and our university life would be one of the best times in life. (123 words)
  Yours,
  Li Ming
  Part B
  48. 參考范文:
  The column chart above clearly reflects the changes in the statistics between urban and rural population in China during the past two decades. For urban dwellers, there was a noticeable jump of 360 million from 300 million to 66 million between 1990 and 2010. By contrast, a remarkable decline occurred in the number of rural population by 160 million from 820 million to 660 million during the same period.
  At least three primary contributors account for such changes. First and foremost, there is a much nicer choice of options available in cities and towns, across the broad. There are more jobs to choose from, different kinds of companies and types of work. In addition, big cities offer much more excitement and stimulation, partly as a result of all the various options available in so many areas. More importantly, people prefer to live in cities and towns for the convenience of the transportation system. It would have a well developed bus, subway, highway and airport transportation network.
 
  Generally speaking, people in expanding numbers would prefer to live in cities and towns which offer a rich variety of many options, whether it be for jobs, leisure, cultural or intellectual activities. At the same time, people like the energy and stimulation of a big city environment and the convenience of a well-developed transportation system. (221 words)


  20. B against


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