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地址:分部開發中電話:籌劃中

地址:分部開發中電話:籌劃中

地址:分部開發中電話:籌劃中

地址:分部開發中電話:籌劃中

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2016年陜西成人學位英語考試歷年真題(九)
時間:2016-07-14     來源:168網校  (全面資訊快報  頂級試聽體驗)    訪問點擊量:1442

在線試聽 : 點擊進入 (海量考試試題,考試身臨其境!)

第Ⅱ卷(非選擇題,共50分)

注意事項:

1.答卷前,考生務必將自己的姓名和準考證號用黑色簽字筆填寫在試卷密封線內指定位置。

2.用黑色簽字筆將答案直接答在卷面指定位置。

3.考試結束時。考生將本試卷交回。

Part IV Translation (20 points)

Directions: Read the following passage carefully. Then translate the underlined sentences marked from 51-55 into Chinese. You should write your translation on the Answer Sheet.

During the middle of the 19th century, 51. Germany, along with other European nations, suffered from workplace deaths and accidents as a result of growing industrialization. 52. Driven in part by Christian love for the helpless as well as a practical political impulse to undercut the support of the socialist labor movement, Chancellor Bismarck created the world's first workers' compensation law in 1884.

By 1908, the United States was the only industrial nation in the world that lacked workers'compensation insurance. America's injured workers could sue for damages in a court of law, but they still faced a number of legal barriers. 53. For example, employees had to prove that their injuries directly resulted from employer negligence and that they themselves were ignorant about potential dangers in the workplace. The first state workers' compensation law in this country passed in 1911, and the program soon spread throughout the nation.

After World War II , benefit payments to American workers did not keep up with the cost of living.

In 1970, President Richard Nixon set up a national commission to study the problems of workers'compensation. Two years later, the commission issued 19 key recommendations, including one that called for increasing compensation benefit levels to 100 percent of the states' average weekly wages.

In fact, the average compensation benefit in America has climbed from 55 percent of the states' average weekly wages in 1972 to 97 percent today. 54. But, as most studies show, every l0 percent increase in compensation benefits results in a 5 percent increase in the numbers of workers who file for claims. 55.And with so much more money floating in the workers' compensation system, it's not surprising that doctors and lawyers have helped themselves to get a large slice of the growing pie.

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